Welcome Letter

Tips

Your Body
Attire
Observation
Gravity and Grounding
Speed, Timing, Breathing
Extension
Congruity and Training
Uke-Nage Relationship
Cycles
Commitment
The Dojo
Our Relationship
Other Instructors,
Students, and Arts
Deciding to Leave
Expectations

Reference

Dojo Etiquette
Fundamentals
Helpful Phrases
Aikido Ranks
Basic Counting
Glossary
Bibliography

Acknowledgements

Common Aikido Words

 
Aikido (eye-key-doe)
compound from "ai" (harmony), "ki" (spirit), and "do" (Way): the Way of harmonious spirit.
 
Aikidoka (eye-key-doe-kah)
one who practices aikido, an aikidoist.
 
Aiki Taiso (eye-key-tie-so)
aikido exercises.
 
Atemi Waza (ah-teh-me wah-zah)
striking techniques.
 
Bokken (bow-ken)
wooden sword used in practice.
 
Bushido (boo-she-doe)
warrior's code; the way of the warrior.
 
Dan (don)
aikido grade holder, black belt rank.
 
Deshi (day-she)
student, pupil, disciple.
 
Dojo (doe-joe)
training hall; place of the Way. in Buddhism also refers to the place of worship.
 
Doshi (doe-she)
comrade, friend (used among fellow aikidoists).
 
Gaeshi (guy-eh-she)
to reverse.
 
Gi (ghee)
training clothing. (a synonym is keikogi.)
 
Hajime (ha-gee-may)
beginning, begin (as a command). said by instructor to begin formal randori.
 
Hakama (hock-kah-ma)
a divided, pant-like skirt: a formal Japanese garment also worn by aikido dan-grade holders.
 
Hanmi (hahn-me)
a posture in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally on both feet. triangular stance. literally means "half-body".
 
Hanmi Handachi (hahn-me hahn-dah-chee)
a type of training in which nage is kneeling and uke approaches from a standing position.
 
Hantai (Hahn-tie)
in reverse order.
 
Hara (Har-ah)
one's physical and spiritual center. physically, in the lower abdomen a few inches below the navel.
 
Hidari (he-dah-ree)
the left side.
 
Hiji (he-gee)
elbow.
 
Irimi (ee-ree-me)
to enter; entering.
 
Jiyu (gee-you)
free, unrestricted.
 
Jiyu Waza (gee-you wah-zah)
freestyle techniques/practice.
 
Jo (joe)
wooden staff.
 
Kamiza (kah-me-zah)
shrine; literally "seat of the spirit(s)".
 
Kaiten (kai-ten)
to revolve or rotate.
 
Kata (kah-tah)
1. shoulder; 2. form, a pre-arranged exercise.
 
Katate (kah-tah-tay)
one hand (left or right).
 
Keiko (kay-koh)
practice session; training.
 
Keikogi (ghee)
training clothing. (a synonym is gi)
 
Ken (ken)
Japanese sword.
 
Ki (key)
spirit: the vital force of the body; universal energy; a stream or flow of positive energy.
 
Kiai (key-eye)
a piercing scream or cry with practical and psychological value; literally "meeting of the spirits".
 
Kohai (co-high)
student junior to oneself; someone with a lower rank or who attained the same rank at a later date. (see sempai)
 
Kokyu (coke-you)
breath power; the coordination of ki flow with breathing.
 
Kokyu Dosa (coke-you doe-sah)
a method of off-balancing and pinning your partner with ki instead of physical power.
 
Kokyu-Ryoku (coke-you ree-oh-kyoo)
breath power.
 
Koshi (ko-she)
hips, waist. (also sometimes spelled "goshi")
 
Kubi (coo-bee)
neck.
 
Kyu (cue)
the aikido ranks held by undergraduates, prior to attainment of dan ranking.
 
Ma-ai (ma-eye)
distance between uke and nage. literally, "harmony of space".
 
Men (men)
face, head.
 
Migi (mih-ghee )
the right side.
 
Mudansha (moo-don-sha)
someone who has not yet attained dan ranking: an undergraduate. (see yudansha)
 
Nage (nah-gay)
a throw or the person who throws.
 
Obi (oh-bee)
belt.
 
O'Sensei (oh-sen-say)
Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of aikido; literally, "great teacher".
 
Randori (ran-door-ri)
multiple attack.
 
Rei (ray)
salutation, bow.
 
Ryote (ree-oh-tay)
both hands.
 
Samurai (sam-oh-rye)
military retainer (from the feudal period of Japanese history).
 
Sempai (sem-pie)
student senior to oneself; someone with a higher rank or who attained the same rank at an earlier date. (see kohai)
 
Sensei (sen-say)
teacher, instructor; generally a title earned at 4th dan.
 
Seiza (say-zah)
formal sitting posture in which the insteps and shins rest against the floor.
 
Shiho (she-ho)
four directions.
 
Shimi (she-me)
choke.
 
Shodan (show-don)
holder of the first grade of black belt.
 
Shomen (show-men)
1. the front or top of the head; 2. the front of the dojo, where the kamiza is.
 
Suburi (suh-boor-ee)
a single movement using the ken or jo, done as a solo practice.
 
Sutemi (suh-teh-me)
a hard fall; literally "casting aside one's body".
 
Suwari Waza (sue-wah-ree wah-zah)
seated techniques.
 
Tachi (tah-chee)
1. Japanese sword; 2. standing (as opposed to sitting).
 
Tachi Waza (tah-chee wah-zah)
standing techniques.
 
Tachi-Dori (tah-chee doh-ree)
techniques of taking an opponent's sword.
 
Taijutsu (tie-jute-sue)
body arts; the techniques of aikido performed without weapons.
 
Tai No Henko (tie-no-hen-ko)
basic blending practice; literally "changing the body".
 
Tanto (tahn-toe)
dagger.
 
Te (tay)
hand.
 
Tegatana (tay-gah-tah-nah)
hand blade; sword edge of the hand.
 
Tekubi (tay-koo-be)
wrist.
 
Tenchi (ten-chee)
compound from "ten" (heaven) and "chi" (earth); a position of the hands: one high and one low.
 
Tsuki (tski)
thrust.
 
Uchi (ooh-chee)
a strike.
 
Uke (ooh-kay)
a person who receives an attack; generally speaking, the person being thrown.
 
Ukemi (ooh-kem-me)
the art of receiving the energy of a technique; literally, "receive with the body".
 
Ushiro (ooh-she-row)
back; behind; rear.
 
Waza (wah-zah)
technique(s).
 
Yame (ya-may)
stop (as a command). said by instructor to end formal randori.
 
Yokomen (yoh-koh-men)
side of the head.
 
Yudansha (you-don-sha)
black belt grade holder(s). (see mudansha)

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